Ebola virus disease (also known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever), along with being one of mankind’s deadliest diseases, is also one of its most brutal. It causes extreme body aches, high fever, profuse vomiting, diarrhea and heavy internal and external bleeding, sometimes through body orifices and the pores of the skin. It is caused by a virus known as Ebola virus which was first identified in 1976.
Symptoms can manifest themselves between two and 21 days after exposure and usually begin with headaches and fever. There is no cure for the disease, which has been fatal in up to 90 percent of patients during some outbreaks, though the current outbreak has killed about 60 percent of those so far infected.
Signs And Symptoms of Ebola
Signs and symptoms typically begin abruptly within five to 10 days of infection with Ebola virus. Early signs and symptoms include:
2. Severe headache
3. Joint and muscle aches
Over time, symptoms become increasingly severe and may include:
6. Nausea and vomiting
7. Diarrhea (may be bloody)
8. Red eyes
9. Raised rash
10. Chest pain and cough
11. Stomach pain
12. Severe weight loss
13. Bleeding, usually from the eyes, and bruising (people near death may bleed from other orifices, such as ears, nose and rectum)
14. Internal bleeding
People are infectious as long as their blood and secretions contain the virus. Ebola virus was isolated from Fluid 61 days after onset of illness in a man who was infected in a laboratory.
The incubation period, that is, the time interval from infection with the virus to onset of symptoms, is 2 to 21 days.
Prevention of Ebola Disease
Prevention focuses on avoiding contact with the viruses. The following precautions can help prevent infection and spread of Ebola.
Avoid areas of known outbreaks. Before traveling to Africa, find out about current epidemics by checking the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website.
Wash your hands frequently. As with other infectious diseases, one of the most important preventive measures is frequent hand-washing. Use soap and water, or use alcohol-based hand rubs containing at least 60 percent alcohol when soap and water aren’t available.
Reducing the risk of wildlife-to-human transmission from contact with infected fruit bats or monkeys/apes and the consumption of their raw meat. Animals should be handled with gloves and other appropriate protective clothing. Animal products (blood and meat) should be thoroughly cooked before consumption.
Avoid contact with infected people. In particular, caregivers should avoid contact with the person’s body fluids and tissues, including blood, Fluid, womanly secretions and saliva. People with Ebola are most contagious in the later stages of the disease.
Follow infection-control procedures. If you’re a health care worker, wear protective clothing, such as gloves, masks, gowns and eye shields. Keep infected people isolated from others. Dispose of needles and sterilize other instruments.
Don’t handle remains. The bodies of people who have died of Ebola disease are still contagious. Specially organized and trained teams should bury the remains, using appropriate safety equipment.
What to Do If You think You Or Someone You Know Has Ebola?
Call +23480032652437 IMMEDIATELY to speak with Health Officials if you’re in Nigeria. Airtime is free on this number.
Don’t go to church/mosque/prayer house – ask your pastor, imam or spiritual leader to pray for you from where they are. You will save lives
Stay at home and keep yourself alone until the health officials are able to handle your case.